In order to create an efficient production line, regardless of whether it produces liquids (such as juice, vinegar, or shampoo) or powders and granules (such as spices and protein powder), some careful thought and planning is required. The starting point should be material flows and the equipment required. A process-focused layout, in which stations and machines are grouped based on which sub-process they are part of, is often suitable for small-scale production. This layout can be flexible, but also complicated to automate.
A product-focused layout, in which machines and stations are ordered according to the flow of the material, is generally recommended for mass production. A product-focused layout has the advantage of being fairly simple to optimise and automate. It’s not particularly flexible, however, and may also be time-consuming to build up.